Land Measurement Units in India

By | Last Updated on January 20, 2016

In India term ‘area’ is used to capture information about the area of a land parcel. Different traditional units like Kanal, Marla, Cents, Guntas, Bigha, Biswa, Biswansi, Sarsaai are used for recording the area of a land parcel in different states of India.

Area units are different within the state in our country and some cases same unit may have different conversion factors when used in different states. You can check this difference in conversion list given below.

Land Measurement Units of Indian States
Area Conversion Factors
Area Conversion – Government Settlement
Land Measurement Units in Maharashtra
Land Measurement Units in Rajasthan
Land Area Conversion Calculator

Land Measurement Units in practice in various states of India

Area Unit Practice in State
Hectares Madhya Pradesh, Chattisgarh, Gujarat, Goa, Maharashtra
Ares
Centi-are
Sq metres
Sq yards
Sq feet
Acres Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh
Cents Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh
Guntas Karnataka
Bigha Rajasthan, Delhi, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, J&K
Biswa Rajasthan, Delhi, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, J&K
Biswansi Rajasthan, Delhi, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, J&K
Kanal Haryana
Marla Haryana
Karam Haryana
Sarsaai Haryana
Kila Rajasthan
Bigha Assam
Katha Assam
Lessa Assam
Shatak Tripura
Sq cm
Desi
Sq inch
Dismil Bihar, Jharkhand
Dur Bihar
Katha Jharkhand

Area Conversion Factors

1 centi-are = 1 Sq metre
1 centi-are = 10.76 Sq.feet
100 Centi-are = 1 Are
100 Are = 1 hectare
100 Sq metre = 1 Are
1 hectare = 100m x 100m = 10000 Sq metre
1 hectare = 404.68458 Acre (Tripura)
40 Are = 1 Acre
1 Lessa = 144 Sq feet
1 Katha = 5 Lessa or 720 Sq feet
1 Bigha (Assam) = 4 Katha or 20 Lessa or 2880 Sq feet
1 Sq metre = 10000 Sq cm (Gujarat)
2.47105 Acres = 1 Hectare (Kerala)
1 Are = 2.47105 cents (Kerala)
1 Acre = 100 cents (Kerala,Tamil nadu)
1 Cent = 40 Sq metres or 435 Sq feet
1 Acre = 40 Guntas (Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka)
1 Gunta = 100 Sq metres (around 1100 sq feet)
1 Acre = 121 Sq yards
1 Kuncham = 10 cents(Andhra Pradesh)
1 Sq link = 0.0404687 Sq metre (Kerala)
Shahjahani Jarib (165 feet) (Rajasthan)
1 Bigha = 1 Jarib x 1 Jarib = 165’ x 165’ = 27225 Square Feet
1 Bigha(Shahjahani Jarib) = 0.253 Hectare
Gantari Jarib (132 feet) (Rajasthan)
1 Bigha = 1 Jarib x 1 Jarib = 132’ x 132’ = 17424 Square Feet
1 Bigha (Gantari Jarib) = 0.16 Hectare
1 Bigha = 20 Biswansi (Rajasthan)
1 Acre = 4046.94 Sq metre (Jharkhand)
1 Dismil = 40.46 Sq metre (Jharkhand)
1 Katha(Jharkhand) = 66.89 Sq metre (Jharkhand)
1 Dur = 10 Sq metre (Jharkhand)
Before Bundobust (Settlement)
1 Karam = 57.157” (Haryana)
1 Biswansi = 1 Karam x 1 Karam (Haryana)
20 Biswansi = 1 Biswa (Haryana)
1 Bigha = 20 Biswa (Haryana)
4 Bigha-16 Biswa = 1 Acre (Haryana)
2.47 acre = 1 hectare (CG)

Area Conversion – Government Settlement

1 Karam = 57.157″ (Haryana)
20 Biswansi = 1 Biswa (Haryana)
1 Bigha = 20 Biswa (Haryana)
4 Bigha = 1 Kila (Haryana)
1 Kila = 40 Karam x 40 Karam (Haryana)

After Bandobust (Settlement)
1 Karam = 66″ (Haryana)
1 Sarsaai = 1 Karam x 1 Karam (Haryana)
9 Sarsaai = 1 Marla (Haryana)
20 Marla = 1 Kanal (Haryana)
8 Kanal = 1 Acre (Ghuman) (Haryana)
1 Acre = 36 Karam x 40 Karam (North to South, East to West) (Haryana)
2.5 Acre = 1 Hectare (CG)

Biswa

Biswa is a popular land measurement unit in Indian states Rajasthan, Delhi, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and J&K. Here some common conversion from Biswa.

20 Biswansi = 1 Biswa (Haryana) [Government Settlement]
1 Bigha = 20 Biswa (Haryana) [Government Settlement]
4 Bigha-16 Biswa = 1 Acre (Haryana)

Land Measurement Units in Maharashtra

1 Acre = 40 Gunthas = .40 Hectare.
1 Guntha = .1 Hectare.
1 Bigha = 25 Gunthas =.25 Hectare.

Land Measurement Units in Rajasthan

1 sq Inch = 6.4516 sq CM.
1 sq Foot = 0.093 sq Meter.
1 sq Gaj = 0.836 sq Meter.
1 Acre = 0.404685 Hectare.
1 Sq Mile = 259 Hectare.
100 Sq Meter = 1 Are.
100 Cent Are = 1 Are.
100 Are = 1 Hectare.
100 Hectare = 1 Sq KM.
1 sq Meter = 1.20 Sq Haj.
1 Are = 120 Sq Gaj.
1 Are = 1076.43 Sq Feet.
1 Hectare = 2.471 Acre.
1 Hectare = 2 Acre 2280 sq Gaj.
1 Cent = 0.01 Acre.
20 Biswansi = 1 Biswa.
20 Biswa = 1 Bigha.
1 Gaththa = 6.6 feet.
1 Gaththa = 2.2 Gaj.
10 Gaththa = 1 Jarib.
1 Gaththa X 1 Gaththa = 1 Biswansi.
1 Gaththa X 1 Jarib = 1 Biswa.
1 Jarib X 1 Jarib = 1 Bigha.

Indian Land Area Conversion Calculator

Please note there are thousand of online land area conversion calculators are available today but India has different measurement units in different state. Government has settle all these units after Bandobust. You should only use measurement units settle by government. Here we are providing land area conversion calculator which is developed by Department of Land Resources. Here you can convert your land area in different units as per local/state area units in different states of India.
Convert you land area

 

2 thoughts on “Land Measurement Units in India

  1. Santosh

    Team,

    Pls guide me on conversion for 2 Biswa in Mirzapur (Uttar Pradesh-UP) to Exact Square feet in Government Standards ?

    Regards,
    Santosh.

    Reply

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